The failure of compromise and the outbreak of war 1860-61Key Questions: What impact did the election of Lincoln have? Why did compromise prove impossible? Why did hostilities ultimately break out? Content includes: The election of 1860 – its course, outcome and consequences. The first wave of secession. Attempts and compromise and why they failed. The second wave of secession. The outbreak of hostilities – Fort Sumter, Lincoln’s Call to Arms. Analysis: what was the point of no return?
Professor Richard Carwardine